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19 - Indian Contingent passing saluting dias, Victory Parade, London.jpg



Reorganization of the Army and Air Forces in India – Report of a Committee set up by His Excellency the Commander-in-Chief India (known as the Willcox Report after its chairman, Lieutenant General H.B.D. Willcox).  New Delhi: Government of India Press, 1945


Official,  Statistics of the Military Effort of the British Empire during the Great War 1914-1920 - Section 7 – India’s Military Contribution during the war (January 1920).  The War Office, March 1922, reprinted The Naval & Military Press, 1999

No author, India’s Contribution to the Great War Calcutta: Superintendent of Government Printing, 1923


No author, The Army in India and its Evolution. Calcutta: Superintendent of Government Printing, 1924


No author.  Commonwealth War Graves Commission Annual Report 2014-2015

Report of The Special Committee to Review Historical Inequalities In Commemoration.  Maidenhead: The Commonwealth War Graves Commission. 2021.


Big Ideas Community Interest Company Resource Pack. The Unremembered.  World War One’s Army of Workers.  The Indian Story. 2017


Vivek Chaudhary. ‘Forgotten brothers in arms: the Muslim heroes who fought on the western front’, The Observer, 12 November 2017


Rana Chhina. The Indian Distinguished Service Medal. New Delhi: Invicta, India Publishers, 2001


Rana Chhina.  Last Post. Indian War Memorials Around the World. Centre for Armed Forces Historical Research, United Service Institution of India, 2014

Rana Chhina.  India and the Great War – An Overview.  (Part of an eight-volume set on India and the Great War).  New Delhi: United Service Institution of India/XPD Division, Ministry of External Affairs, Government of India (2014)

Rana Chhina. The Eagle Strikes.  The Royal Indian Air Force 1932-1950. Delhi: Centre for Armed Forces Historical Research, United Service Institution of India (2006)

D J E Collins.  The Royal Indian Navy, 1939-1945.  Official History of the Indian Armed Forces in the Second Word War. Bisheshwar Prasad, D.Litt. (Ed). Combined Inter-Services Historical Section (India & Pakistan), 1964

Major General J G Elliott.  A Roll of Honour: The Story of the Indian Army 1939-1945.  London: Cassell, 1965

Byron Farwell, Armies of the Raj – From the Great Indian Mutiny to Independence: 1858-1947. London : Penguin Group, 1989

John Gaylor.  Sons of John Company: The Indian & Pakistan Armies 1903-1991. Tunbridge Wells: Spellmount Ltd, 1992

Major General Shahid Hamid. Disastrous Twilight – A Personal Record of the Partition of India.  London: Leo Cooper/Martin Secker & Warburg Limited, 1986


Major General Shahid Hamid.  So They Rode and Fought. New York: Midas Books, 1983

Major General Syed Ali Hamid. The Darker Side of Recruiting from the Punjab during the Great War. The Friday Times, Features, Legacy, 23 October 2020.

Mrs Hemalatha, MA, M.Phil, ‘History of Growth and Reforms of British Military Administration in India (1848-1949)’ in Language in India, Vol. 8 (9 Sep 2008)

Nicholas Mansergh  Constitutional Relations Between Britain and India. The Transfer of Power, 1942-1947 (12 volumes).  London: HMSO

Tony McClenaghan. For the Honour of My House. The Contribution of the Indian Princely States to World War I.  Warwick: Helion & Company (2019)


Lieutenant General S.L. Menezes, Fidelity & Honour: The Indian Army from the Seventeenth to the Twenty-First Century (New Delhi 1993)


George Morton-Jack.  The Indian Empire at War – from Jihad to Victory.  The untold story of the Indian Army in World War I.  London: Little Brown (2018)

David Omissi.  The Sepoy and the Raj – The Indian Army, 1860-1940.  Basingstoke: The Macmillan Press Ltd, 1994.

David Omissi.  Indian Voices of the Great War – Soldiers’ Letters, 1914-1918.  Gurgaon: Penguin Books India Pvt. Ltd, 2014.

David Omissi.  The Greatest Muslim Power in the World’: Islam, the Indian Army and the Grand Strategy of British India, 1914-1916 in The Indian Army in World War I. New Perspectives.  Ed. Alan Jeffreys.  Solihull: Helion & Co, 2018.

F W Perry.  History of the Great War – Order of Battle of Divisions, Part 5B – Indian Army Divisions.  Reprint Newport. Ray Westlake Military Books (1993)

Bisheshwar Prasad, D.Litt. (Ed) and Sri Nanad Prasad PhD.  Official History of the Indian Armed Forces in World War 2 1939-45 – Expansion of the Armed Forces and Defence Organisation, 1939-45.  New Delhi: Pentagon Press, 2012 reprint.


Narendra Singh Sarila.  The Shadow of the Great Game – The Untold Story of India’s Partition.  London: Constable 2006.


Dr Chandar S. Sundaram. “The Imperial Cadet Corps and the Indianisation of the Indian Army’s Officer Corps, 1897-1923: a Brief Survey.”  Durbar (journal of the Indian  Military Historical Society), Volume 27, Number 2, Summer 2010


Lt Gen Sir Francis Tuker.  While Memory Serves. London: Cassell and Company Ltd, 1950


This site still exists and takes you to the title page of Forgotten Heroes 14-19 Foundation, though whether the Foundation is still active is uncertain.  It’s site covers Muslim soldiers from Algeria, Egypt, Morocco and Tunisia.  I once met Luc Ferrier, Chairman and Founder of the Foundation.  The title page of the web site is signed by Hayyan Azaz Bhaba, a retired British Army Captain who served in Afghanistan.  He was Executive Director, The Muslim Experience in WW1 from October 1916-April 1919. A link from there takes you to the Islamic Human Rights Commission and a blog by Arzu Merali – “Why can’t the British Army recruit Muslims?”  It also links to an advertisement for a beautifully produced book “The Unknown Fallen”

There is a page of casualty statistics covering many participating nations attributed to The Robert Schuman European Centre but I have been unable to verify the accuracy of the numbers.

The Commonwealth War Graves Commission, the section Find Records takes you to the search engine for Find War Dead 

Imperial War Museum

National Army Museum

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